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October 30, 2014

6 Easy Ways to Violate the FLSA – Mistakes 1-3

Filed under: Compease,Compensation,FLSA4:32 pm

No doubt, most employers have a battle with the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which establishes the standards for how to pay their employees.  The FLSA governs overtime pay, the minimum wage, and child labor.  Many are simply unaware of the maze of requirements, some try in good faith to act in accordance with the law but fall short, and a few simply ignore the Act, hoping that nothing comes back to bite them.  But ignorance of the law is not bliss…or an excuse.

FLSA enforcement by the Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division recovered just shy of $250 million in back wages for 2013, with 269,250 employees receiving back wages. Another interesting fact is that the average days to resolve a complaint is 110.  This means the Wage and Hour people are very interested in the way you pay your employees and even enjoy perusing your records.

Here are six ways (and believe me, there are many more) in which you could find the DOL knocking on your door:

Mistake #1:  Misclassifying Employees

Nearly every employer must decide which positions are considered nonexempt under the law and must be paid overtime (for hours worked beyond 40 in a workweek), and which positions are exempt from overtime. The FLSA establishes overtime pay requirements by outlining a series of tests that qualify employees as exempt from overtime and minimum wage requirements in these categories:  executive, administrative, professional, outside sales, and certain high-level computer positions.

Mistake #2:  Thinking, “If I make everyone ‘Salaried,’ I won’t have to pay overtime!”

Genius, not.  Be careful.  “Salaried” is not equivalent to “exempt.”  An employer must satisfy an FLSA job duties test mentioned in number 1.  Remember too, that job positions should be reviewed regularly to ensure they still meet the requirements of nonexempt or exempt as the position requirements may change.

Mistake #3:  Failing to Pay Nonexempt Employees for Unauthorized Work

If a company “allows” employees to work, they must pay for this time and include it as “hours worked” for overtime purposes. When an employee who begins work early, stays late, takes work home, or works through the lunch break without authorization to do so, must be paid for unauthorized work (even if the company has a policy prohibiting it).  The employee, though, may be subjected to disciplinary action for violating the policy.

Watch for Mistakes 4-6 in tomorrow’s blog!

 

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